Bipolar disorder used to be known as 'manic depression' because the person experiences periods of depression and periods of mania, with periods of normal mood in between. Mania is like the opposite of depression and can vary in intensity – symptoms include feeling great, having lots of energy, having racing thoughts and little need for sleep, talking quickly, having difficulty focusing on tasks, and feeling frustrated and irritable. This is not just a fleeting experience and sometimes the person loses touch with reality. The types of Bipolar Disorder are:
- Bipolar I Disorder which is characterised by the presence of a manic episode, of at least 1 week, and a major depressive episode, and
- Bipolar II Disorder which is characterised by the presence of a hypomanic episode (a less severe elevated mood) and a major depressive episode.
Bipolar disorder usually requires a long-term treatment plan often involving medication as well as psychological treatment and lifestyle approaches. A number of evidence based approaches are utilised at PRPH including medication and psychological treatments such as CBT. Suitable PRPH Day Program include Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Day Program, Living Well Day Program and Moving Towards Wellness Day Program.